Jungles & Rainforests in Suriname

Jungles & rainforests in Suriname consist on 94.7% of the total land area which makes 14,776,000 hectares. The country has 14,214,000 hectares area as primary forest cover which makes 91.1% of overall land area and 96.2% of total forest area. This data was published by FAO around two decades ago and has not been updated yet. Suriname has 5,000 hectares of this forest area as semi-natural and 550,000 hectares as modified natural forest area. Carbon storage in these forests of Suriname is recognized as 3,367 metric ton below-ground and 8,016 metric ton above-ground biomass.

 

Only 0.3% area of jungles & rainforests in Suriname is recognized as private property while 99.7% is under government control. Low population and extensive forest of this northern South American country make it among lowest deforestation countries across the globe. The capital city has around 400,000 residents and only 5% of overall country population resides in the rainforests. The rainforest population of Suriname includes six tribes of Maroons and indigenous peoples. These forests communities of the tribes were created centuries ago who’re known for their West African style of living.

 

The most recent study over rainforests & jungles in Suriname resulted with the comments that this tiniest independent country of South America has a number of big surprises still hidden in their rainforests. This survey reported 46 new species in the southern rainforests of Suriname and recorded overall 1,300 species. These newly found species were included a new frog species, several insect species and eight new fish species of freshwater. This newly found frog has been named as “cowboy frog”. The newly discovered insect species include katydids, damselflies, dung beetles and aquatic beetles.

 

Jungles & rainforests in Suriname have not been uncovered as a whole and a wide range of species is yet to be discovered. The survey team also recorded around 215 species of birds in these forests along with dozens of big and medium-sized mammals. Southern Suriname is also recognized as the place of oldest human settlement in the region.